Nordic building LCA comparison

Below is a comparison of different Nordic LCA methods for buildings. The table is compiled by Matti Kuittinen, Ministry of the Environment in Finland, with input from employees at the Nordic building authorites.

Denmark

Finland

Norway

Sweden

EU

Comparison of Nordic building LCA methods

Sustainability Class

LCAbyg

DGNB-DK

Climate Declaration

RTS

NS 3720

BREEAM NOR 2016

Klimat-deklaration 2022

Klimat-deklaration 2027

NollCO2
remiss v.1.0

Level(s)
2020

General

Description

Method for upcoming regulation

LCA tool
(for Sustainability Class and DGNB-DK)

Voluntary certification system

Method for upcoming regulation

Voluntary certification system

Standard

Voluntary certification system

Method for upcoming regulation

Proposed extension to the upcoming regulation

Voluntary certification system

Voluntary reporting framework

Developed by

The Danish Transport, Construction, and Housing Authority

Department of the Build Environment (Aalborg University)

Green Building Council Denmark

Ministry of the Environment

Building Information Foundation (GWP by GBC 2013)

Standard Norge

Green Building Council Norway

Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning

Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning

Green Building Council Sweden

European Commissions Joint Research Centre

Status

Test phase

In use

In use

Under development

In use

In use

In use

Under development

Under development

Under development

Under development

At which stage can the method be used?

Building permission & completion

Building permission & completion

Design stage / completion

Building permission & completion

Design stage/ post-construction stage

Completion of the building

Completion of the building

Completion of the building

Completion of the building

Methodological basis

EN15978, EN15804

EN15978

EN15978, German DGNB

EN15978, Level(s)

EN15978

EN15978, Norwegian standards

ISO14044, EN15978, NS3720

EN15978

EN15978

SS EN 15978/15804, EPD, GHG Protocol, EU JRC, EU Level(s)

EN15978, other standards, PEF

Reference study period (RSP)

50

50

50

50

50

60

60

n/a

50

50

50

User-defined RSP allowed

No

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

No

No

Unit for reporting

kgCO2e/
heated m2/
year

kgCO2e/
gross m2/
year

kgCO2e/
m2/
year

kgCO2e/
heated m2/
year

kgCO2e/
net m2/
year

User-defined

kgCO2e/
m²/year

kgCO2e/
gross m2

kgCO2e/
gross m2/year

kgCO2e/
gross m2

kgCO2e/
net m2/
year

Indicators

GWP, ODP, POCP, AP, EP, ADPe, ADPf, Petot,

GWP, ODP, POCP, AP, EP, ADPe, ADPf, PEtot, Sek

GWP, POCP, AP, EP, ADPf, PE,

GWP, carbon handprint

GWP

GWP

Several

GWP

GWP

GWP

Several

Verification required

No

No

Yes

No
No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No